Scientific Sessions

Magnus Corpus appreciates your participation in this Conference. Each Conference is divided into several sessions of subfields. Please select the Subfield of your choice and Participate.


Session 1: Cancer Cell Therapy

Cancer is uncontrolled growth of cells in the body which may lead to organ failure and death. Cancer cells may evade immune recognition by this system, but many leukemia's and lymphomas express CD19, a surface antigen. Alternatively, gene therapy approaches may be designed to directly kill tumor cells using tumor-killing viruses, or through the introduction of genes called suicide genes into the tumor cells. The body responds to uncontrolled cell growth in several ways one of which is to deploy white blood cells of the immune system to detect, attack, and destroy the cancerous cells. It has been known for quite some time that the immune system can be manipulated to control cancer. This session discusses more about cancer cell therapy.  

Session 2: Molecular Biology

Molecular biology is the study of molecular underpinnings of the processes of replication, transcription, translation, and cell function. The central dogma of molecular biology where genetic material is transcribed into RNA and then translated into protein, despite being oversimplified, still provides a good starting point for understanding the field. The picture has been revised in light of emerging novel roles for RNA. Cellular Molecular Biology is concerned with the physiological properties, metabolic processes, signaling pathways, life cycle, chemical composition and interactions of the cell with their environment. This is done both on a microscopic and molecular level as it encompasses prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells. Knowing the components of cells and how cells work is fundamental to all biological sciences; it is also essential for research in bio-medical fields such as cancer, and other diseases. This session discusses more about molecular biology and cellular molecular biology.

Session 3: Computational Biology

Computational biology involves the development and application of data-analytical and theoretical methods, mathematical modeling and computational simulation techniques to the study of biological, ecological, behavioral, and social systems. The field is broadly defined and includes foundations in biology, applied mathematics, statistics, biochemistry, chemistry, biophysics, molecular biology, genetics, genomics, computer science and evolution. Computational biology is different from biological computing, which is a subfield of computer science and computer engineering using bioengineering and biology to build computers, but is similar to bioinformatics, which is an interdisciplinary science using computers to store and process biological data. This session discusses more about computational biology.

Session 4: Drug Designing

Drug design is the inventive process of finding new medications based on the knowledge of a biological target. The drug is most commonly an organic small molecule that activates or inhibits the function of a biomolecule such as a protein, which in turn results in a therapeutic benefit to the patient. In the most basic sense, drug design involves the design of molecules that are complementary in shape and charge to the biomolecular target with which they interact and therefore will bind to it. Drug design frequently but not necessarily relies on computer modeling techniques. Finally, drug design that relies on the knowledge of the three-dimensional structure of the biomolecular target is known as structure-based drug design. This session discusses more about drug designing. 

Session 5: Cellular Molecular Biology

Molecular biology is the study of molecular underpinnings of the processes of replication, transcription, translation, and cell function. The central dogma of molecular biology where genetic material is transcribed into RNA and then translated into protein, despite being oversimplified, still provides a good starting point for understanding the field. The picture has been revised in light of emerging novel roles for RNA. Cellular Molecular Biology is concerned with the physiological properties, metabolic processes, signaling pathways, life cycle, chemical composition and interactions of the cell with their environment. This is done both on a microscopic and molecular level as it encompasses prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells. Knowing the components of cells and how cells work is fundamental to all biological sciences; it is also essential for research in bio-medical fields such as cancer, and other diseases. This session discusses more about molecular biology and cellular molecular biology.

Session 6: Plant Molecular Biology

Plant molecular biology is a highly specialized science for exploring plant cells and even altering them to increase the usefulness of plants in everyday life. The other areas that are concerned with plant molecular biology are agriculture, food science, healthcare, environmental science and teaching. Plant molecular biology explores the role of certain cells, their function in plant life and methods to alter those cells to greater effect. Some of the most common traits studied are reactions to various stresses, resistance to common disease and minerals contained within the plant. With training in plant molecular biology, especially at the graduate level, graduates can explore diverse careers in agriculture, micro- and molecular biology, biochemistry, ecology and teaching. This session discusses more about plant molecular biology. 

Session 7: Current Research in Cell & Molecular Biology

The current research in Cell and Molecular Biology explores cells, their characteristics, parts, and chemical processes, and pays special attention to how molecules control a cell’s activities and growth. The molecular components make up biochemical pathways that provide the cells with energy, facilitate processing messages from outside the cell itself, generate new proteins, and replicate the cellular DNA genome. Cell and Molecular Biology mainly focuses on the determination of cell fate and differentiation, growth regulation of cell, cell adhesion and movement, intracellular trafficking. The relationship of signaling to cellular growth and death, transcriptional regulation, mitosis, cellular differentiation and organogenesis, cell adhesion, motility and chemotaxis are more complex topics under cellular and molecular biology. This session discusses more about current research in cell and molecular biology. 

Session 8: Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology is the manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale. The earliest, widespread description of nanotechnology referred to the particular technological goal of precisely manipulating atoms and molecules for fabrication of macroscale products now referred to as molecular nanotechnology. A more generalized description of nanotechnology was subsequently established by the National Nanotechnology Initiative, which defines nanotechnology as the manipulation of matter with at least one dimension sized from 1 to 100 nanometers. This definition reflects the fact that quantum mechanical effects are important at this quantum-realm scale and so the definition shifted from a particular technological goal to a research category inclusive of all types of research and technologies that deal with the special properties of matter which occur below the given size threshold. This session discusses more about nanotechnology. 

Session 9: Molecular Medicine

Molecular medicine is a broad field, where physical, chemical, biological, bioinformatics and medical techniques are used to describe molecular structures and mechanisms, identify fundamental molecular and genetic errors of disease, and to develop molecular interventions to correct them. The molecular medicine perspective emphasizes cellular and molecular phenomena and interventions rather than the previous conceptual and observational focus on patients and their organs. In November 1949, with the seminal paper, "Sickle Cell Anemia, a Molecular Disease" in Science magazine Linus Pauling, Harvey Itano and their collaborators laid the groundwork for establishing the field of molecular medicine. This session discusses more about molecular medicine.

Session 10: Cell Science & Development

Cell Science or cellular biology is a branch of biology that studies cells physiological properties, their structure, the organelles they contain, interactions with their environment, their life cycle, division, death and cell function. This is done both on a microscopic and molecular level. Cellular Biology is also referred to as Cytology. Cellular Biology mainly revolves around the basic and fundamental concept that cell is the fundamental unit of life. The most important concept of Cellular Biology is the cell theory which states that all organisms are composed of one or more cells; the cell is the basic unit of life in all living things; and all cells are produced by the division of preexisting cells. This session discusses more about cell science and development. 

Session 11: Regulation of Stem Cells

The Food and Drug Administration's Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER) regulates human cells, tissues, and cellular and tissue-based products (HCT/P) intended for implantation, transplantation, infusion or transfer into a human recipient, including hematopoietic stem cells. The FDA has published comprehensive requirements such as current good tissue practice, donor screening and donor testing requirements, to prevent the introduction, transmission and spread of communicable disease. Stem cells sourced from cord blood for unrelated allogeneic use also are regulated by the FDA, and a license is required for distribution of these products. The FDA requires a review process in which manufacturers must show how products will be manufactured so that the FDA can make certain that appropriate steps are taken to assure purity and potency. This session discusses more about regulation of stem cells. 

Session 12: Novel Stem Cell Technologies

Novel Stem Cell Technology leads to better spinal cord repair Researchers believe they have identified a new way, using an advance in stem-cell technology, to promote recovery after spinal cord injury of rats, according to a study published in today’s Journal of Biology. Scientists from the New York State Center of Research Excellence in Spinal Cord Injury showed that rats receiving a transplant of a certain type of immature support cell from the central nervous system generated from stem cells had more than 60 percent of their sensory nerve fibers regenerate. Just as importantly, the study showed that more than two-thirds of the nerve fibers grew all the way through the injury sites eight days later, a result that is much more promising than previous research. The rats that received the cell transplants also walked normally in two weeks. This session discusses more about novel stem cell technologies. 


Session 13: Recombinant DNA Technology

Recombinant DNA technology joining together of DNA molecules from two different species that are inserted into a host organism to produce new genetic combinations that are of value to science, medicine, agriculture, and industry. Since the focus of all genetics is the gene, the fundamental goal of laboratory geneticists is to isolate, characterize and manipulate genes. Although it is relatively easy to isolate a sample of DNA from a collection of cells finding a specific gene within this DNA sample can be compared to finding a needle in a haystack. However recombinant DNA technology has made it possible to isolate one gene or any other segment of DNA enabling researchers to determine its nucleotide sequence, study its transcripts, mutate it in highly specific ways, and reinsert the modified sequence into a living organism. This session discusses more about recombinant DNA Technology. 

Session 14: Advancement in Cancer Treatments

Advancements in cancer treatments are emerging rapidly. 2017 marked the first approval of a tumor-agnostic therapy and the first adoptive T-cell and gene therapy for cancer, demonstrating that the breakthrough therapy designation and other new approaches in oncology drug development have allowed for a more efficient review and approval process. Research results on other immunotherapies and targeted therapies released in 2017 have changed the treatment paradigms for lung, prostate, and bladder cancer. The number of new FDA approvals in oncology in recent months is reflective of the scientific fervor and innovation underway to fill this need. From November 2016 through October 2017, the FDA approved a record 18 new cancer therapies and 13 new uses of cancer therapies. By comparison, in the same timeframe in the previous year, there were eight new cancer therapies and 13 new uses approved, and a similar number in 2015. Most of these new and expanded uses are associated with an improvement in patient survival and or quality of life. This session discusses more about advancements in cancer treatments. 

Session 15: Tissue Engineering

Tissue engineering is the use of a combination of cells, engineering and materials methods, and suitable biochemical and physicochemical factors to improve or replace biological tissues. Tissue engineering involves the use of a tissue scaffold for the formation of new viable tissue for a medical purpose. While it was once categorized as a sub-field of biomaterials, having grown in scope and importance it can be considered as a field in its own. While most definitions of tissue engineering cover a broad range of applications, in practice the term is closely associated with applications that repair or replace portions of or whole tissues such as bone, cartilage, blood vessels, bladder, skin, muscle etc. This session discusses more about tissue engineering.

Session 16: Microbiology and Molecular Genetics
Molecular Biology methods used to study the molecular basis of biological activity. Most commonly used methods are protein methods, immunostaining methods, nucleic acid methods. These methods used to explore cells, their characteristics, parts, and chemical processes, and pays special attention to how molecules control a cell’s activities and growth. Molecular Biology Techniques include DNA cloning, cut and paste DNA, bacterial transformation , transfection, chromosome integration, cellular screening, cellular culture, extraction of DNA, DNA polymerase DNA dependent, reading and writing DNA, DNA sequencing, DNA synthesis, molecular hybridization, rewriting DNA: mutations, random mutagenesis, point mutation, chromosome mutation. Most important techniques are Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), Expression cloning, Gel electrophoresis, Macromolecule blotting and probing, Arrays such as DNA array and protein array. This session discusses more about microbiology and molecular genetics.
Session 17: Genetics and Genetic Engineering

Genetic engineering has been applied in numerous fields including research, medicine, industrial biotechnology and agriculture. In research GMOs are used to study gene function and expression through loss of function, gain of function, tracking and expression experiments. By knocking out genes responsible for certain conditions it is possible to create animal model organisms of human diseases. As well as producing hormones, vaccines and other drugs genetic engineering has the potential to cure genetic diseases through gene therapy. The same techniques that are used to produce drugs can also have industrial applications such as producing enzymes for laundry detergent, cheeses and other products. This session discusses more about Genetics and Genetic Engineering.

Session 18: Biochemistry

Biochemistry is the branch of science that explores the chemical processes within and related to living organisms. It is a laboratory based science that brings together biology and chemistry. By using chemical knowledge and techniques, biochemists can understand and solve biological problems. Biochemistry emphasizes on the study of chemical processes occurring in the living organisms. It is the branch of science that helps to explore the various chemical processes occurring within and related to the living matter and studies these mechanisms by using chemical knowledge and techniques to understand and solve biological problems. Biochemistry deals with the structures, functions and interactions of biological macromolecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates and lipids, which provide the structure of cells and perform many of the functions associated with life. This session discusses more about biochemistry.

Session 19: Plant & Agricultural Biotechnology

Molecular biotechnology has applications in plant and animal agriculture, aquaculture, chemical and textile manufacturing, forestry, and food processing. Agricultural biotechnology, also known as agritech, is an area of agricultural science involving the use of scientific tools and techniques, including genetic engineering, molecular markers, molecular diagnostics, vaccines, and tissue culture, to modify living organisms: plants, animals, and microorganisms. Crop biotechnology is one aspect of agricultural biotechnology which has been greatly developed upon in recent times. Desired traits are exported from a particular species of Crop to an entirely different species. These transgene crops possess desirable characteristics in terms of flavor, color of flowers, growth rate, size of harvested products and resistance to diseases and pests.

Session 20: Immuno Oncology in solid tumors
CD137 or 4-1BB, a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor superfamily is a promising immune-oncology target. Ligation of CD137 induces a co-stimulatory signal on activated CD8+ T cells and natural killer (NK) cells, resulting in proliferation, increased pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion, and cytolytic function. CD137 is also thought of as an attractive target for autoimmune disease as T regulatory cells (Tregs) also express 4-1BB. ADG-106 is a fully human agonistic mAb targeting a novel epitope of CD137. Adagene will investigate the safety and efficacy of ADG-106 therapy as a single agent across a range of solid tumor and non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients in a Phase I
Session 21: Bipolar and Schizophrenia

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression, is a mental illness that causes extreme and intense emotional states called mood episodesat distinct times. These mood swings are categorised as manic, hypomanic or depressive. This condition affects men and women equally. It includes three different conditions- bipolar I, bipolar II and cyclothymic disorder. Schizophrenia is a mental illness characterized by failure to understand reality and abnormal social behavior. People with schizophrenia shows symptoms like reduced social engagement and emotional expression, false beliefs, confused thought process, hearing voices that others do not and lack of motivation. Causes for this disorder are Genetics, environment, brain chemistry and substance use.