Discover the Beauty of Rome in its Ruins
Rome is a city so filled with icons of antiquity and ruins which one ought to visit while in Rome. Certain sites are almost a must visit for you when you are vacationing in Rome such as the Colosseum and the Pantheon.
The Colosseum and the Arch of Constantine
The Colosseum, the largest structure still provides the model for sports arenas. The Colosseum was large enough for theatrical performances, festivals, circuses, or games, which the Imperial Court and high officials watched from the lowest level, aristocratic Roman families on the second, the populace on the third and fourth. The building was begun by Vespasian in AD 72, and after his son Titus enlarged it by adding the fourth story, it was inaugurated in the year AD 80 with a series of splendid games. The Arch of Constantine, a triumphal arch erected by the Senate to honor the emperor as "liberator of the city and bringer of peace" after his victory in the battle of the Milvian Bridge in 312.
The Vatican is the smallest independent state in the world with an area of less than half a square kilometer, most of it enclosed by the Vatican walls. Inside are the Vatican palace and gardens, St. Peter's Basilica, and St. Peter's Square, an area ruled by the Pope, supreme head of the Roman Catholic Church. This compact space offers much for tourists to see, between its museums and the great basilica itself. Inside St. Peter's Basilica is Michelangelo's masterpiece, Pieta, along with statuary and altars by Bernini and others. The unquestioned highlight of the Vatican museums is the Sistine Chapel, whose magnificent frescoed ceiling is Michelangelo's most famous work.
The Pantheon is one of the best preserved monuments of Roman antiquity is remarkably intact for its 2000 years. This is despite the fact that Pope Gregory III removed the gilded bronze roof tiles, and Pope Urban VIII ordered its bronze roof stripped and melted down to cast the canopy over the altar in St. Peter's and cannons for Castel Sant'Angelo. The Pantheon was rebuilt after damage by fire in AD 80, and the resulting brickwork shows the extraordinarily high technical mastery of Roman builders. Its 43-meter dome, the supreme achievement of Roman interior architecture, hangs suspended without visible supports.
Walking through the forum is like stepping back two millennia into the heart of ancient Rome. Although what survives of this center of Roman life is its original splendor, the standing and fallen columns, its triumphal arches, and remains of its walls still impress, especially when you consider that for centuries, the history of the Forum was the history of the Roman Empire and of the western world. After the seventh century, the buildings fell into ruin, and churches and fortresses were built amid the ancient remains. Its stones were quarried for other buildings and it was not until the 18th and 19th centuries that systematic excavations brought the ancient buildings to light from under a 10-meter layer of earth and rubble. One must visit this place in order to appreciate its beauty in its glorious splendor.
Likewise there are more important places to visit in Rome such as Trevi Fountain, Palatine Hill, San Giovanni in Laterano (Basilica of St. John Lateran), Borghese Gallery and Gardens, Terme di Diocleziano (Baths of Diocletian National Museum), Centro Storico & the Spanish Steps, Santa Maria Maggiore, The Catacombs and Via Appia Antica (Appian Way), Piazza Navona, and Baths of Caracalla just to name a few and many more are worth visiting once in your lifetime. What better opportunity you now get to visit these magnificent places while you are attending the International Conferences being held in Rome, Italy from 16thto 18th of September 2020
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Attractions & Landmarks
- Roman Forum
- Galleria Borghese
- Vatican Museums
- Tiber Island
- Palatine Hill
- Spanish Steps
- Trevi Fountain
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